Note: This is my 43rd special Window on Eurasia about the meaning and impact of the planned Olympiad on the nations in the surrounding region. These WOEs, which will appear each Friday over the coming year, will not aim at being comprehensive but rather will consist of a series bullet points about such developments. I would like to invite anyone with special knowledge or information about this subject to send me references to the materials involved. My email address is email@example.com Allow me to express my thanks to all those who already have. Paul Goble
US, French, and German Presidents Head List of Leaders Not Going to Sochi. The presidents of the United States, France, and Germany head the increasingly large list of foreign leaders who say they will not be attending the Sochi Games. Among others on that list are the presidents of Poland, Estonia, and Lithuania and the prime ministers of several other European countries. Latvia’s president is an exception in the region: he has said he will attend. Most of those not going have cited scheduling problems rather than objections to specific policies. But some like the Lithuanian president have been sharply critical of Russian policies on a variety of human rights and security issues. Most are sending more junior officials in their place. Many media outlets in the countries have suggested that whatever the officials say, not going is in effect a boycott and is connected with Russia’s anti-LGBT law and other policies. That view is shared by almost all Russian commentators. Russian officials say they expect “about 40” world leaders to attend, but they have not offered a list (kavkaz-uzel.ru/articles/235171/, bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-25392175, ru.journal-neo.org/2013/12/15/rus-vozmozhny-e-ugrozy-sochinskoj-olimpiady/, business-standard.com/article/news-ians/forty-world-leaders-to-attend-sochi-winter-olympics-113121400267_1.html, ura.ru/content/sluhi/13-12-2013/articles/1036260941.htmleuropeonline-magazine.eu/litauens-praesidentin-grybauskaite-verzichtet-auf-sotschi-reise_310151.html, vz.ru/politics/2013/12/18/664245.html, thelocal.de/20131217/olympian-urges-merkel-not-to-snub-sochi-games, freecircassia.ucoz.com/news/kto_sledujushhij/2013-12-17-353 and kavkazcenter.com/eng/content/2013/12/15/18672.shtml).
US President Names Three Prominent Gay Americans to Sochi Delegation. In response to appeals from LGBT rights groups and reflecting what his press secretary said was a commitment to demonstrate the diversity of the American people, President Barack Obama named three prominent gay Americans, former tennis champion Billie Jean King, former Olympian Caitlin Cahow, and former Olympic figure skater Brian Boitano to the American delegation that will be in Sochi. American and Russian gay rights groups welcomed Obama’s decision, saying that it sends a clear message to Russian President Vladimir Putin about the need to respect all people regardless of sexual orientation (themoscowtimes.com/sochi2014/U-S-Puts-2-Gay-Athletes-on-Official-Sochi-Delegation.html, lgbtqnation.com/2013/12/obama-selects-gay-athletes-for-sochi-olympics-delegation/#.UrDkAXov8Os.facebook, nr2.ru/sports/476557.html, pinknews.co.uk/2013/12/14/human-rights-group-urges-obama-to-include-lgbt-people-in-us-sochi-delegation/and novayagazeta-ug.ru/news/u630/2013/12/18/29945
Circassians Thank German President for Deciding Not to Go to Sochi. Leaders of the Circassian community in the diaspora have sent an open letter to the German president thanking him for taking the lead in announcing that he will not attend the Sochi Olympiad and thus prompting more debate about that event and its historical meaning (natpress.ru/index.php?newsid=8600).
Moscow Patriarchate Condemns Foreign Leaders Not Coming to Sochi Because of Anti-LGBT Law. Metropolitan Ilarion, head of the synod’s external relations department, said that those foreign leaders who are staying away from the Sochi Olympiad should be focusing on real problems in their own countries or among Christians in the Middle East than engaging in criticism of Russia. Many Europeans are now infected with “satanic” ideas, he continued, and Russia is absolutely right to defend its own and Christian values (interfax-religion.ru/?act=dujour&div=158).
Putin’s Pardon of Khodorkovsky ‘All about Sochi,’ Piontkovsky Says. Russian President Vladimir Putin’s announced plan to extend a pardon to Russia’s most prominent political prisoner, Mikhail Khodorkovsy, is “all about Sochi” and is intended to make Putin and Russia look good in the eyes of the international community, according to Andrey Piontkovsky, an independent Russian analyst and Kremlin critic. Initial media reaction suggests that Piontkovsky is right but that Putin’s calculus is so obvious that he and Moscow are getting less credit for taking this long overdue step than would otherwise have been the case (csmonitor.com/World/Europe/2013/1219/It-s-All-About-Sochi-Putin-to-pardon-jailed-Russian-oil-tycoon and forbes.com/sites/paulroderickgregory/2013/12/19/putin-clears-the-decks-for-sochi-olympics-with-pardons/).
Putin Again Defends Anti-Gay Law, Says He’s Not Counting Medals. At his press conference, Russian President Vladimir Putin says that Moscow’s law banning homosexual propaganda is a reasonable and proper defense of Russia’s traditional culture and that no one has the right to challenge that on Russian territory. At the same time, he says that he is not counting on Russian Olympians to win any specific number of medals” (vesti-sochi.tv/olimpiada/21842-putin-prizyvaet-ne-schitat-olimpijskie-medali-no-ot-sportsmenov-trebuet-projavit-harakter).
Canadian Intelligence Reports Highlight Security Threats at Sochi. Two declassified Canadian intelligence documents, obtained by “The National Post,” outline potential terrorist threats to the Sochi Olympiad including from the Caucasus Imarat’s Doku Umarov who has denounced the games as “satanic” and called on his followers to prevent them from taking place (insidethegames.biz/olympics/winter-olympics/2014/1017498-canadian-intelligence-report-brings-home-danger-of-terrorism-at-sochi-2014).
Human Rights Watch, AGORA Denounce Crackdown in North Caucasus. HRW and AGORA denounce what they said is a sweeping Russian government crackdown against environmental, ethnic and political activists in the North Caucasus. This effort at intimidation, the full extent of which is unknown, isn’t working but is a demonstration that Moscow has no intention of living according to the Russian Constitution and its own laws as it seeks to keep anyone from being critical of what is going on in Sochi. Some observers suggested that the effort is especially offensive because it equates criticism with terrorism. Regional officials have denied to Western agencies that a crackdown is taking place (novayagazeta.ru/politics/61459.html, ewnc.org/node/13163, kavkaz-uzel.ru/articles/235358/, hrw.org/news/2013/12/18/russia-new-harassment-olympic-critics and mercurynews.com/olympics/ci_24739426/sochi-olympic-critics-get-terrorist-treatment).
ICG Sees Crackdown Spreading from North Caucasus to the Rest of Russia. Ekaterina Sakiryanskaya, an expert at the International Crisis Group, said there is evidence that Moscow’s crackdown in the North Caucasus is now spreading to other parts of the Russian Federation and may even be taking on more extreme forms as it does so (golos-ameriki.ru/content/sochi-extremism/1813310.html).
Russian Arrests of Circassian Activists ‘Catastrophe’ for All of Russia, One of Their Number Says. Ibragim Yaganov said the arrests were connected with the Olympics. Russian officials “are trying to ensure security, only security from the wrong people.” The result of such heavy-handedness will be “catastrophic not just for Circassians but for all Russia” because it will lead many who have been silent to raise their voices in protest. Russian officials arrested, then released, and then called back for question at least a dozen Circassians. Officials suggested that they were linked with the Wahhabis, something totally false (sports.yahoo.com/news/russia-detains-caucasus-activists-ahead-olympics-190701475--oly.html
Russia’s Arrest of Circassian Backfiring, ICG Expert Says. Ekaterina Sokiryanskaya, an expert at the International Crisis Group, says that the arrest of Circassians on false charges is backfiring, that the Circassians will become more active, and that their demands will receive more attention not only in the region but around the world (caucasustimes.com/article.asp?id=21220).
Circassians, Allies Protest Arrests. Circassians organized demonstrations outside Russian diplomatic posts in New York, Istanbul, and other cities. Circassian organizations across the board denounced the arrests and warned that more were likely in the future. And many Circassians who had been supportive of the Olympiad or at least not actively opposed appear to have been radicalized (demotix.com/news/3297530/circassians-protest-against-2014-winter-olympic-games-sochi#media-3297482, kavkaz-uzel.ru/articles/235205/, kavpolit.com/rossijskix-cherkesov-podderzhali-iz-za-okeana/natpress.ru/index.php?newsid=8597 freecircassia.ucoz.com/news/obrashhenie_k_aktivistam_cherkesskogo_nacionalnogo_dvizhenija/2013-12-15-351kavkaz-uzel.ru/articles/235109/, regnum.ru/news/polit/1745555.htmlfreecircassia.ucoz.com/news/oficialnoe_zajavlenie_cherkesskogo_nacionalnogo_dvizhenija/2013-12-17-352).
Wave of Arrests May Prompt Circassians to Hold Congress. Mukhamed Cherkesov, the chairman of Adyge Khase, says that the sweeping crackdown on Circassians Russian officials are conducting, including the recent arrests of more than ten activists on false charges of extremism, may prompt the Circassians to convene a congress to decide on their next steps (kavkaz-uzel.ru/articles/235195/).
Shapsugs Say Russian Officials Blocking Their Efforts to Find Ancestors’ Graves. The Shapsugs, a subgroup of the Circassians who were native to the Sochi area and who suffered the greatest proportional losses of that nation during the 1864 genocide conducted by Russian forces have again had their request to look for the graves of their ancestors turned down by Russian officials (lenta.ru/articles/2013/12/17/circassian/).
Expert Says Moscow Won’t Allow More Syrian Circassians Back to Caucasus. Fyodor Lukyanov, head of the Russian Foreign and Defense Policy Council, said that Russia’s special services oppose allowing Circassians from war-torn Syria to return to the North Caucasus out of fears that their return would open a corridor for the entry of extremists (.golos-ameriki.ru/content/sochi-extremism/1813310.html
Medvedev Says Sochi Almost Ready ... While on a visit to Sochi, Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev said that he was “satisfied” with preparations for the Olympiad because “the absolute majority of objects are ready” (sochi-24.ru/politika/medvedev-ostalsya-dovolen-olimpijskoj-strojkoj.20131217.71939.html).
... But Indicates Internet Access There Isn’t. Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev complained, as others have, that Internet connectivity, despite official promises, is not that good or comprehensive in Sochi and called for more work in that sector (sochi2014.rsport.ru/ and privetsochi.ru/blog/TELECOMSCH/39258.html).
Sochi Security to Be Like in Moscow in 1980 but More Extensive and Expensive. Experts say that Moscow will be imposing security arrangements in Sochi much like those it did during the 1980 games but that it will be using new and more expensive technology, such as drones and Internet and phone monitoring. Among the similarities between the two games, they say, will be a crackdown on dissidents prior to the Olympiad, undercover operatives who will infiltrate those who attend or take part, and severe limitations on movement that will cause long lines and delays (businessinsider.com/sochi-olympics-to-see-soviet-style-security-2013-12 and vocativ.com/12-2013/sochi-olympics-inside-russias-extensive-security/).
Only One Sochi Resident in 12 Trusts Mayor Pakhomov, Poll Shows. A poll of 1600 Sochi residents found that only 12 percent of them trust Mayor Anatoly Pakhomov. More than 65 percent said they did not ( sochi-24.ru/politika/sochincy-ne-doveryayut-meru-pahomovu-rezultaty-socoprosa.20131213.71806.html).
Regional Media Site Drops Report on Pakhomov Poll. According to Blogsochi.ru, the website of “Delovaya gazeta.Yug” initially posted a report about the poll showing low levels of trust in Sochi Mayor Anatoly Pakhomov and then took the report down, apparently as a result of official interference (blogsochi.ru/content/tsenzura-v-izdanii-%C2%ABdelovaya-gazeta-yug%C2%BB
Pakhomov Says City Must to Everything to Prevent Oligarch Flight After Games. Mayor Anatoly Pakhomov told the Sochi city council that their most important task is to make sure that conditions are such that “all the oligarchs who build hotels here will not run away after the Olympiad,” a clear indication of where his interests lie ( sochinskie-novosti.com/%D0%B3%D0%BE%D1%80%D0%BE%D0%B4-%D0%B1%D0%B5%D0%B7-%D0%BE%D0%BB%D0%B8%D0%BC%D0%BF%D0%B8%D0%B9%D1%81%D0%BA%D0%B8%D1%85-%D0%B4%D0%BE%D1%85%D0%BE%D0%B4%D0%BE%D0%B2/).
Behind the Corrupt Contract Navalny Identified is a Pakhomov Aide. Investigators have discovered that the man behind the 604 million ruble (20 million US dollars) contract for seven days work opposition leader Aleksey Navalny discussed a week ago is an aide to Sochi Mayor Anatoly Pakhomov. No charges have yet been filed against him (blogsochi.ru/content/sovladeltsem-firmy-vyigravshei-%22podozritelnyi%22-goskontrakt-okazalsya-pomoshchnik-glavy-tsent ).
Sochi Authorities Arrest and Convict Blogger on Trumped Up Charges. Officials in Sochi arrested, convicted and sentenced Aleksandr Valov, editor of Blogsochi.ru, to 50 hours of public service ostensibly because his blog carried a story about a meeting of local residents angry at Mayor Anatoly Pakhomov. The authorities accused him of organizing the meeting, but Valov pointed out that his blog, which has been a thorn in the side of Pakhomov and others, is an open one and features stories about all kinds of issues from all kinds of perspectives. He rejected the findings of the court, said they were an obvious act of attempted intimidation, and said he would appeal (blogsochi.ru/content/reshenie-suda-budet-obzhalovano and blogsochi.ru/content/v-sochi-zaderzhan-glavnyi-redaktor-saita-%22blogsochi%22-aleksandr-valov).
Sochi Residents Lack Power, Water and Heat as Temperature Falls. Sochi residents in many parts of the city are suffering because of the lack of power, water and heat. Some have not had one or more of these services for more than a week despite plunging temperatures. Moreover, bus service has been cut back, and prices have been increased for certain services in advance of the Olympics when Moscow has pledged such prices will be frozen. One Sochi woman said that “we are simply surviving. The city government doesn’t react at all to our problems.” At least some of the problems have been caused by the failure of construction firms to avid hitting power and water mains. Some residents are calling for protests, and at least one has compared what is going on in his city with “a genuine genocide” (sochinskie-novosti.com/%D0%B7%D0%B8%D0%BC%D0%B0-%D0%B2%D0%BE-%D0%BC%D1%80%D0%B0%D0%BA%D0%B5/, kavkaz-uzel.ru/articles/235105/,
blogsochi.ru/content/chto-delat-kto-vinovat rivetsochi.ru/blog/Wailing_wall/39277.html privetsochi.ru/blog/sitiproblem/39204.html and kavkaz-uzel.ru/articles/235048/
Trash Heaps Continue to Grow Around Sochi. Despite official promises and claims, heaps of construction debris and other trash continue to grow around Sochi, destroying many formerly beautiful landscapes and threatening public health because of runoff. Some officials have been incautious enough to suggest that in places, the trash heaps have added to the attraction of the area. Residents view the heaps as the true Olympic symbols (ewnc.org/node/13174, sochi-24.ru/obshestvo/ekologi-meriya-sochi-vret-o-pererabotke-bytovyh-othodov.20131214.71853.html and blogsochi.ru/content/gryaznaya-olimpiada and gazaryan-suren.livejournal.com/119715.html
LGBT Activists Condemn NBC for Approach to Sochi Games. Gay activists say that NBC, which will broadcast the Olympiad in the United States, is “neglecting to report that people are afraid to be themselves. There are laws in effect that forbid people from speaking about the fact that it's okay to be gay. People are being beaten up. They're being physically violated. They're being raped. It's being done for entertainment. Vladimir Putin's regime is, if not encouraging it, then certainly letting it go on." Moreover, they say, “NBC has dispatched Olympic commentator Johnny Weir and MSNBC’s Thomas Roberts, two openly gay men, to soft-pedal the Russian government’s anti-LGBT bigotry,” said Ken Kidd, a member of Queer Nation NY, an LGBT rights group. “LGBT Russians have been vilified, assaulted, tortured, murdered, and fired from their jobs by the Russian government and by Russian thugs. It’s past time for NBC to report the facts about Russia.” Others have condemned NBC for hiring Vladimir Pozner to be a commentator because Pozner in the past was an active apologist for Soviet actions such as the invasion of Afghanistan (sportsillustrated.cnn.com/-olympics/news/20131216/sochi-olympics-nbc-gay-rights-protests/#ixzz2nlcsZ4N7, miamiherald.typepad.com/gaysouthflorida/2013/12/wtf-queer-nation-ny-protests-nbc-which-will-broadcast-2014-winter-olympic-games-from-russia.html and newsbusters.org/blogs/tom-blumer/2013/12/13/sochi-olympics-nbc-hires-soviet-union-apologist-who-called-its-1979-inva).
Queer Nation Put Out ‘Olympic Jive’ Video as Ironic Christmas Present. Queer Nation, a US gay rights group, has put out a video which in the words of one of its activists, “tells the not-at-all inspiring tale of the International Olympic Committee and eleven of the top Olympic sponsors. They have agreed that the ideals of the Olympic charter are expendable platitudes because they interfere with collecting Olympic profits. The inaction by the IOC and the sponsors has reduced the Olympic charter’s assurances of non-discrimination and respect for basic human rights to mere jive talk, and the global LGBTQ community are not at all fooled by it” (youtube.com/watch?v=pE17lylxaVY).
Sochi Torch Travails Continue, Claim First Death. As the Sochi torch continued to make its way across the Russian Federation, it suffered many of the same problems this week that it has in the past: the torch has gone out and unexpectedly flamed up, officials have tried to beautify the route by covering up aging buildings, and Russians have expressed skepticism about whether the torch and the games are worth their price. But the torch route also claimed its first death as one of the bearers suffered a fatal heart attack after running the route. As a result, officials say they will now have all runners followed by an ambulance staffed with medical personnel. One humorous moment came when one runner pledged to do his part “for the party and the government,” the kind of declaration Soviet citizens used to have to make (cbsnews.com/news/sochi-games-torch-relay-plagued-by-mishaps-death/debryansk-rus.org/2013/12/18/,nytimes.com/2013/12/18/sports/olympics/got-a-light-olympic-torch-relay-seems-cursed-to-the-ends-of-the-earth.html?hp&_r=0 ,echo.msk.ru/blog/bykov_d/1219759-echo/ , sobkorr.ru/news/52AEFEECC7AE3.html, sochi2014.rsport.ru/torchrelay/20131217/708633788.html, huffingtonpost.com/2013/12/16/vadim-gorbenko-dead-russian-torchbearer_n_4451422.html, and sochi-24.ru/sochi-2014/na-fakelonosce-olimpijskogo-ognya-zagorelas-shapka.20131213.71823.html).
FSB Warns Against Distribution of Nemtsov Report on Sochi. FSB officers have told Russians along the torch route that they will be arrested if they distribute copies of Boris Nemtsov’s report that criticizes the Olympics for their location, security arrangements and cost (echo.msk.ru/blog/nemtsov_boris/1218963-echo/).
Medvedev’s Office Denies He Called for Putting Up Casinos in Sochi After the Games. A press officer for Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev says the Russian leader did not propose or discuss putting up casinos in Sochi after the Olympiad in order to enhance its status as a tourist destination. Several oligarchs have pressed for such a step in order to protect their investments there (blogsochi.ru/content/olimpiiskie-obekty-prevratyat-v-kazino, http://argumenti.ru/society/2013/12/306386 and http://www.kavkaz-uzel.ru/articles/235393/).
Moscow Bank Says Sochi Investors Don’t Have to Pay Loans Until 2016. Faced with complaints that Olympic construction has cost far more than planned, a Russian bank says that the companies involved there will not have to pay back their loans until 2016. But some observers, including Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev, said that investors should not be bailed out just because they ask for it. They called for a balanced approach, one that would take into consideration both the companies’ demands and the needs of society (kavpolit.com/sochi-v-luchshix-tradiciyax-kurshevelya/kommersant.ru/doc/2371793 kavkaz-uzel.ru/articles/235224/).
Moscow Lacks Plan for Sochi After Games. Chris Weafer, a senior partner at Moscow’s Macro Advisory, says that Russian has created massive new infrastructure in Sochi but has “no plan to attract business” after the Olympiad, raising questions about whether it will be able to recover its investment (washingtonpost.com/business/as-sochi-winter-olympics-near-rich-russians-bankrolling-games-spar-with-vladimir-putin/2013/12/12/c797d308-6106-11e3-94ad-004fefa61ee6_story.html).
Gazprom to Hold Corporate New Year’s Party in Sochi. Gazprom, the largest investor in the Sochi Games, has announced that it will hold a corporate new year’s party in several of the Sochi venues (ria.ru/society/20131217/984659039.html#ixzz2novsHumX).
Russian Duma Deputies Ask Father Frost for Snow in Sochi. To ensure that there will be enough snow for the Olympiad, members of the Russian Duma have asked Father Frost to provide it. Other Russians have been doing the same, including as many as 60 members of the Russian military (sochi-24.ru/obshestvo/ded-moroz-deputaty-sprashivayut-pro-sneg-v-sochi.20131219.72035.html).
Olympic Competitors Who Give Filmed Interviews to Unauthorized May Be Disqualified. To protect the provisions of their contract with international broadcasters, Russian officials say that any athlete who gives unauthorized interviews on film to someone who then sends the pictures out via cellphone could be disqualified, a threat certain to reduce contacts between competitors and journalsts (sochi-24.ru/sochi-2014/-atletov-diskvalificiruyut-za-olimpijskoe-intervyu.20131219.72021.html).
Olympic Village Apartments to Go on Sale Even Before Games. To raise cash, the owners of the apartments in the Olympic Village in Imeretinsk will be able to sell them starting before the end of 2013. The sales will be down on a closed basis, apparently without public signs advertising the fact or announcements of who the buyers may be (www.sochinskie-novosti.com/2013/12/19/).
Sochi to Fine Residents with Unkempt Yards. Sochi officials say they will levy fines of from 300 to 50,000 rubles (10 to 1600 US dollars) for residents who fail to keep their yards attractive during the Olympic Games. They have not threatened to do anything to contractors who dump construction waste in various parts of the city and its environs (blogsochi.ru/content/meriya-sochi-budet-shtrafovat-zhitelei-za-neblagoustroennye-dvory). What the officials are doing to beautify some parts of the city is to install pictures of flowers that won’t be blooming at the time of the games (blogsochi.ru/content/narisovannye-klumby).
Delays and Uncompleted Work Mark Infrastructure Construction. An underpass promised to be available on June 25 was in fact declared completed only at the end of October, but Sochi residents note that it floods – there is inadequate drainage – and has no electric lights, which makes it unsafe at night (blogsochi.ru/content/zatopilo-podzemnyi-perekhod-na-platanovoi-allee).
Many Sochi Roads Remain Unpaved and Deeply Rutted. While the Sochi city authorities and Olympic organizers are justly proud of many new roads in the city center, the situation just outside that district is truly disturbing: many streets and roads remain unpaved and heavily rutted, as drivers seek a way around the traffic jams on the god ones. Residents are documenting this with pictures (blogsochi.ru/content/doroga-na-pyatigorskoi ).
Security Measures in Sochi Lead to Violations of Civil and Human Rights, Activists Say. Many of the measures that Moscow has taken to ensure security at the Olympiad are leading to violations of the civil and human rights of Russians living there. Semen Simonov of Memorial says that the police routinely ignore accepted procedures and that their actions are leading to “total control over citizens” in violation of the Russian Constitution. Aleksandr Valov of Blogsochi says that the police work not for the population but for Putin and other officials. And Adrey Koshik, a Krasnodark journalist, says that residents are being subjected to repeated and unjustified searches and seizures (kavkaz-uzel.ru/articles/235367/).
World Anti-Doping Agency Increases Supervision of Troubled Sochi Facility. WADA has been overseeing drug testing at Olympiads since 2000 but in the past it has simply produced a post-Games report on how the host facility worked. For Sochi’s troubled laboratory, however, WADA will have a team that will interact with Russian testers on a daily basis to ensure that drug testing meets international standards (lawinsport.com/sports-law-news/item/andy-parkinson-to-lead-wada-independent-observer-program-at-sochi-2014).
Australian Olympian Says He’ll Wear Protest Merchandise at Sochi. Whatever the Russians plan,Bell Brockhoff, an Australian snowboarder, says he will wear special protest merchandise in support of equality provisions of the Olympic Charter and in denunciation of Moscow’s anti-LGBT stance (au.ibtimes.com/articles/531015/20131219/belle-brockhoff-principle-six-p6-sochi-winter.htm ).
Guide to North Caucasus Blogosphere Now Available. Given restrictions on Russian media, blogs in the North Caucasus may be among the best sources for news and information about many aspects of the Olympiad in the coming weeks. Two researchers have now produced a guide to the blogosphere in that region (globalvoicesonline.org/2013/12/10/introducing-the-blogosphere-of-russias-north-caucasus/ ). Another useful publication issued in advance of the Games is a National Geographic map showing the borders of Circassia (ngm.nationalgeographic.com/2014/01/sochi-russia/circassia-map).
Enhanced Sochi-Related Security Arrangements for Circassian Area to Start Early. Beginning on December 25, Russian siloviki will begin making sweeps through the Adygey Republic to arrest anyone who might be involved in supporting opposition to the Sochi Games or any violence there, according to Aslan Tkhakushinov, the head of that republic (natpress.net/index.php?newsid=11802).
Ingushetia Announces More Security for Sochi Torch and Games. Officials in Magas say they are increasing security in advance of the passage of the Olympic torch and the games themselves, seeking out anyone they believe may oppose the Olympiad or want to disrupt it
Russian Search for Illegal Gastarbeiters in Sochi Detailed. In November, siloviki made 65,803 checks, investigated more than 3500 apartments and 1500 other buildings, as well as investigated 603 transportatioin facilities and 55,600 cars, buses and trucks. In the course of this operation, the authorities detained 25 people. As a result, an operation that disrupted the lives of many and spread fear and anger in the population netted only a miniscule number of people in violation of the law (natpress.net/index.php?newsid=11802 ).
Adygey Republic Plans to Include ‘National Elements’ in Celebration of Torch’s Arrival. The Olympic torch will pass through Adygeya on February 3, one of its last stops before the Games themselves. A conference in Maikop this week said that republic oficials would ensure that “national elements” – presumably a reference to Circassian cultural symbols – will be included in the celebration of the torch’s passing. Russian officials are likely to cite this as an example of their claimed support for Circassians whose ancestors were subjected to genocide in Sochi in 1864 by Russian military units (http://www.natpress.net/index.php?newsid=11801).
Olympiad Restrictions Forcing Sochi Employers to Lay Off Workers. Restrictions imposed in advance of the Sochi Games on transportation are forcing some Sochi employers to lay off workers, creating yet another source of tension in the city (blogsochi.ru/content/olimpiiskie-ubytki).
Sochi Residents Say They’re Sick of ‘Zones’ and Feel They are in ‘One Big One.’ Sochi residents are fed up with the decisions of the authorities to divide their city into “zones” to limit movement and increase security. They say that in fact all this has done is to transform their formerly lovely town into one big “zone,” a term that in Russian refers to a prison camp (blogsochi.ru/content/sochinskie-zony-tuda-nizya-syuda-nizyaро
Olympic Construction Leaves Sochi without Beaches. Russian officials have allowed private contractors to build hotels and housing so close to the shoreline that Sochi no longer has any of the beaches that for many decades were its chief calling card and attraction (blogsochi.ru/content/plyazhei-v-sochi-net).
Why Do Muscovites but Not Sochi Residents Get to Vote on Paid Parking? People in Sochi would like to know why residents of the Russian capital are being allowed a referendum on the introduction of paid parking but they are not. In the Olympic city, officials have simply introduced paid parking in many streets (privetsochi.ru/blog/auto_sochi/39367.html ).
Sochi Should be Renamed ‘Sankt Putin Grad,’ Resident Says. A Sochi resident says that after what Vladimir Putin has done to Sochi, the city should be renamed in his honor: Sankt Putin Grad (privetsochi.ru/blog/bred_sochi/39347.html).
Sochi Police Arrest Real Terrorist who Blew Up a Plane in Hungary 20 Years Ago. Sochi police announce that they have arrested a 42-year-old Russian citizen who was involved in a criminal group that among other things blew up a plane in Hungary in1995. They did not say what he was doing in Sochi (sochi-24.ru/proishestviya/v-sochi-zaderzhali-vengerskogo-terrorista-.20131218.71979.html).
Leno Again Compares 2014 Sochi Games to 1936 Berlin Olympiad. US Tonight Show host Jay Leno has again compared the Sochi Games to those in Hitler’s Berlin. He said that restrictions on LGBTs in Russia reminded him of how the Nazis began their persecution o the Jews, something that he said “makes me uncomfortable” (thegailygrind.com/2013/12/17/tonight-show-host-jay-leno-compares-russian-olympics-nazi-germany/
Sochi Cost No Less than Chechen Wars but Without Similar Justification, Russian Writer Says. Moscow has spent more on Sochi than it did on its two lost wars in Chechnya and with much less justification. If the wars in Chechnya were intended to prevent the disintegration of the Russian Federation, Sochi at best is a public relatons stunt and yet another means for officials and companies to steal from the state budget. What struck the writer, he added, is not that there was theft in Sochi. That was to be expected in any Russian project. What is shocking is just how much theft there has been and continues to be (furfurmag.ru/furfur/all/culture/168645-olympic-games).
Muslims Complain of Harassment by Sochi Officials. Officials have arrested an ethnic Russian Muslim in Sochi and harassed other Muslims there in the run up to the Olympiad, sparking a protest by the Muslim community in the city. Russian officials have been particularly focued on ethnic Russian Muslim converts believing them to be more inclined to extremism and more capable of engaging in terrorist acts because they look just like other Russians (golosislama.ru/news.php?id=20941).
Rockslide near Sochi Derails Train. A rockslide led to the derailment of a passenger train near Sochi, news agencies report. Apparently, walls intended to prevent rocks from falling onto the tracks were insufficient to hold back the slide once it began (nr2.ru/incidents/476123.html).
Struggle within United Russia Party Playing Out over Direction of Sochi Media. Forces loyal to Sochi Mayor Anatoly Pakhomov and those connected with local oligarch Viktor Teplyakov are engaged in a struggle for control over the local media, with Pakhomov having won earlier but Teplyakov having won more recently in terms of deciding what will appear in the “Mestnaya” paper (blogsochi.ru/content/gazeta-%C2%ABmestnaya%C2%BB-prevratilas-v-mestnyi-analog-ntv).
Putin Appoints New Judges in Krasnodar Kray. Apparently to ensure that the courts in Krasnodar kray make the “correct” choices on cases involving the Sochi Olympiad, President Vladimir Putin has named several new judges to panels there (blogsochi.ru/content/dlya-vas-dorogie-sochintsy-3-novosti-poslednikh-dnei).
Olympic Posters Go Up – Without References to Region’s Culture. The official Olympic posters show only ethnic Russian cultural objects despite promises by the organizing committee to the IOC that the Games would feature references to the culture of the Circassians and other indigenous peoples of the North Caucasus (vesti-sochi.tv/olimpiada/21794-na-plakatah-sochinskoj-olimpiady-matrjoshka-lodelasr-v-loskutnoe-odejalo).
Sochi Gay Scene Now ‘In Decline,’ Participants Say. Sochi had been a major center of LGBT life in Russia, but anti-gay prejudice and policies have caused some to leave and others to retreat back into the closet. “There is no gay community here. It’s a myth,” according to Roman Kochagov, owner of one of the two surviving gay clubs (trust.org/item/20131217094442-m1z0j).
Sochi Contractors Pave Directly Over Snow Rather than Clearing It First. One reason that the roads in the Sochi area are unlikely to last is the shortcuts some highway contractors are taken. One of the most notorious, now documented in photographs, is to pave directly over snow rather than to clear the snow and prepared the foundation for the roads. When the snow melts, the road will disintegrate (privetsochi.ru/blog/bred_sochi/39260.html).
Russian Olympic Committee Tells Duma ‘Practically All’ Olympic Objects Ready. Aleksandr Zhukov, president of the Russian Olympic Committee and a member of the Duma, told Russian legislators 60 days before the start of the Sochi Olympiad tht “practically all” Olympic venues are ready and tested. He said that in his view, “the objects are not simply new, they are unique and some are the best in the world.” He didn’t say they were all finished, however (sochi-24.ru/politika/v-gosdume-podveli-itogi-podgotovki-k-olimpiade.20131216.71885.html).
Russia’s First Deputy Interior Minister Visits Sochi. Aleksandr Gorovoy, first deputy interior minister and likely the point man for many of Russia’s security efforts in Sochi, spent three days in the Olympic area inspecting security arrangements (sochi-24.ru/politika/pervyj-zamglavy-mvd-tri-dnya-rabotal-v-sochi.20131216.71877.html
‘Stalin Wouldn’t Have Let Sochi Games Happen,’ Museum Guide Says. A guide at the villa museum where Stalin stayed when he came to the resort city says that “Stalin ouldn’t have let this event happen because it’s just ruining the city” (outsideonline.com/adventure-travel/europe/russia/The-Zoich-Olympics.html).
Russian TV Star Says Gays Should be Burned Alive ‘in Ovens.’ Ivan Okhlobystin, star of a popular Russian television series, says that gays represent a danger to his children and that they should be burned alive in ovens. The actor, who earlier was an Orthodox priest and ideologue in a party linked to the Kremlin, also called for stripping LGBTs of their voting rights. Okhlobystin’s outburst only further enflames anti-gay attitudes in the Russian Federation (themoscowtimes.com/news/article/russian-sitcom-star-says-gay-people-should-be-burned-alive/491554.html).
Moscow Gay Club Appeals to Putin for Protection. A Moscow gay club, in the face of growing anti-LGBT attitudes in the Russian capital, has directly appealed to President Vladimir Putin for protection. As of this writing, the Kremlin leader has not responded (echo.msk.ru/blog/echomsk/1218385-echo/).
In Sochi, Go Down Shotgun Street and Make a Left. Russian officials in order to help visitors to the Sochi Games are putting up street signs in English alongside the Russian. Some of the translations are less than adequate. One, for example, translates the Russian word for “rifle” as “shotgun” (avmalgin.livejournal.com/4209700.html).
Sochi Officials Go After Small Fry, Legalize Illegal Actions of Big Players. Activists from the Law and Order Movement say that the Sochi city authorities are going after small businesses for show but doing little or nothing about large ones who have been able to gain official cover for their illegal actions (blogsochi.ru/content/neustoika-v-15-488-205-000-rublei, http://blogsochi.ru/content/sud-postanovil-reshenie-dom-snesti-zastroishchik-reshil-dostroit-i-uzakonit and blogsochi.ru/content/administratsiya-i-prokuratura-goroda-sochi-uzakonili-samovolku-cherez-sud).
More Trees Likely to Blow Over in Sochi Because of Olympic Construction. Olympic builders have undermined the root system of trees along many streets and roads in Sochi, putting them at risk of being blown over by storms. Several hundred already have been, and their fall has knocked out power and phone lines over the last several months (blogsochi.ru/content/prichina-togo-pochemu-padayut-derevya%E2%80%A6).
‘Sochi 2014’ Play Extends Its Run. A play by Tess Berry-Hart documenting anti-LGBT attitudes and policies in the Russian Olympic city has been expanded and its run extended. Proceeds from the London play are going to Spectrum HR, a leading gay rights advocacy group in Eastern Europe (broadwayworld.com/uk-regional/article/TheatreUpClose-to-Bring-SOCHI-2014-Play-to-The-Hope-Theatre-Feb-4-March-1-20131212).
Sochi is Putin’s ObamaCare, Washington Post Says. An article in the “Washington Post” says that the Sochi Olympiad is for Russian President Vladimir Putin what expanded health care is for US President Barack Obama, the acts that the two men hope will define their legacies but ones that have already suffered from many problems (washingtonpost.com/lifestyle/travel/sochi-a-russian-city-with-olympic-hopes-and-dreams/2013/12/12/a805b054-5df1-11e3-be07-006c776266ed_story.html).