Soviets Prohibited KGB from Recruiting Deputies, Judges and Prosecutors
January 2 – With the opening of the KGB archives in Latvia, so much attention
has been paid to those the KGB recruited as informers and agents that another
lesson from them has been lost: in Soviet times, the CPSU banned its secret
police from recruiting deputies at all levels, judges and prosecutors.
is clear, he continues. if one considers the rules that were imposed on the KGB
by the Soviet government concerning whom the organs could not recruit: “members
of the CPSU and Komsomol elected to party and Komsomol committees, secretaries
of primary party and Komsomol organizations, responsible employees of party and
Komsomol apparatuses, the political organs of the Armed Services of the USSR,
the deputies of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, the Supreme Soviets of union
and autonomous republics and local Soviets of peoples deputies, trade union
officials, judges, and prosecutors.”
people, the KGB leadership specified, could not be used as agents, residents,
or be involved in conspiratorial activities of any kind.
“immunity” of soviet deputies down to the lowest levels was a surprise for him,
Lvin says, especially since it extended to the apparatuses of each level where
real decisions were made.Also
surprising, given Soviet realities, was the immunity of trade union workers. It
appears that this flows from the Soviet state’s ideological conception of
unexpected in their immunity in Soviet times were judges and prosecutors, given
their role in the system.Also, and
again unexpectedly, it appears that the KGB was banned from recruiting as
agents any officer of the rank of colonel or above.Thus many people who were very much part of
the Soviet state were kept beyond the grip of the KGB in this way.
1983 instruction also specifies that records of agents are to be destroyed “in
the case of their deaths or enrollment as employees of the KGB and Ministry of
Internal Affairs,” the researcher says.The
reference to the Ministry has been crossed out, apparently according to a new
instruction the following year.
implies that the status of those who go to work for the interior ministry was
reduced at that time relative to those who joined the KGB. This also implies
that those who go to work for the interior ministry have by that act ended
their cooperation with the KGB, otherwise the distinction would be irrelevant.
these issues require more research, but they are a reminder that the KGB
archives are important not only because of the people listed as its agents but
also as an explanation for why others weren’t – something that provides a
certain nuance to those who are listed because with only the slightest change in
status the Soviet organs wouldn’t have taken them on.