Monday, April 18, 2016

15 Characteristics of Russian Propaganda

Paul Goble
            Staunton, April 18 – Russian propaganda makes use of so many techniques to succeed that Moscow novelist and commentator Elizaveta Aleksandrova-Zorina performs a useful service by listing in an article in “” 15 of its favorite and, it should be said, effective methods (

These include:

--A black and white division of the world into “ours” and the “alien” other;

--Epithets that imply more than they describe;

--Constant assertions that those supporting Putin not only are numerous but united;

--Empty declarations that mean nothing but that appear to promise or justify everything;

--Playing games with cause and effect, often reversing their true order;

--A vicious circle or tautology in which the second part of an assertion is simply a repetition of the first;

--Confusing the part and the whole by focusing on only one part of something such as liberals within the opposition;

--Creating false dilemmas that don’t exist;

--Careful preparation of headlines which are the only thing most people pay attention to;

--Citations to experts, often false and even more often out of context;

--Claiming the media say when in fact only one media outlet does;

--Using weasel words like “so-called” or “it would appear” to give the appearance of objectivity;

--Outright falsification; and

--Conspiracy theories and suggestion of hidden motives.

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